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OSCAR NIEMEYER (1907-2012)

Low easy chair
Manufactured by Tendo Brasileira
Underside with manufacturer's label TENDO BRASILEIRA/INDÚSTRIA E COMÉRCIO DE MOVEIS LTD
Brasil 1978
Black lacquered plywood, black leather

Measurements
70 cm x 114 cm x 46 cm
27¾ in x 45 in x 18 in

Provenance
Renata & Arturo Profili, Sao Paulo.
Acquired from the above by the gallery.

Literature
Jean Petit, Niemeyer: Poète d’Architecture, Lugano, 1995, pg. 362 for a drawing, pg. 367 and pg. 383
Alan Hess, Oscar Niemeyer Houses, New York, 2006, ppg. 222-23
Roberto Civita, Pedro Ariel Santana, Design Brasil: 101 anos de história, exh. cat., Museu da Casa Brasileira, São Paulo, 2010, p. 59 for a drawing
Marc Emery: Furniture By Architects: International Masterpieces of Twentieth-Century Design. New York, October 1998, ppg. 220, 224

Quotes
"It is not the right angle that attracts me, nor the straight line, hard and inflexible, created by man. What attracts me are free and sensual curves. The curves we find in mountains, in the waves of the sea, in the body of the woman we love.”

"My work is not about 'form follows function,' but 'form follows beauty' or, even better, 'form follows feminine.’

Fairs
Exhibited at Design Miami/Basel, Jun 11 2018 - Jun 18 2018

Exhibitions
Le Corbusier & Oscar Niemeyer, Side Gallery, Barcelona, Sep 14 2018 - Jan 31 2019

Designer image

Oscar Niemeyer, (Rio de Janeiro RJ 1907 - Rio de Janeiro RJ 2012) architect and urbanist, was one of the greatest of both professions ever seen in Brazil, his memorable life and work is renowned in Brazil and across the World. He has undoubtedly been praised for his acclaimed architecture but less know are his personal attributes, his relentless desire to design and his magic resistance to conform to the times.

Niemeyer graduated in architecture from the National School of Fine Arts (Enba), in Rio de Janeiro, in 1934. That same year, he began working at the office of architect and urban planner Lucio Costa (1902-1998). In 1936, the office was commissioned to create the plans for the headquarters of the Ministry of Education and Health (MES), in Rio de Janeiro, under the supervision of the French-Swiss architect Le Corbusier(1887-1965), whom Niemeyer assisted, as a draftsman. Based on the architect's design, Niemeyer suggests changes that were consequently implemented into the construction of the building. Between 1940 and 1944, he designed, at the request of the then mayor of Belo Horizonte, Juscelino Kubitschek (1902-1976), the Pampulha Architectural Ensemble, which is configured as a landmark of his work, as it breaks with the strict concepts of functionalism and uses a language of new forms, of curved surfaces, exploring the plastic possibilities of reinforced concrete. In 1947, he was invited by the United Nations (UN) to participate in the commission of architects in charge of outlining the plans for the future headquarters in New York. His plans, conceptualized Le Corbusier, were chosen as the basis for the definitive project. 

In Rio de Janeiro, in 1955, he founded the magazine Módulo and the following year he began, at the invitation of the President of the Republic, Juscelino Kubitschek, to collaborate in the construction of the new capital of Brazil, Brasília, whose urban plan was entrusted to Lucio Costa. In 1958, he was appointed chief architect of Brasília, where he transferred to and remained until 1960. Among Niemeyer's most important projects, Ibirapuera Park, São Paulo, 1951, the headquarters of the French Communist Party, Paris, 1965 Algiers School of Architecture, Algeria, 1968 the headquarters of Editora Mondadori, Milan, Italy, 1968 and the headquarters of the newspaper L'Humanité, Saint-Denis, France, 1987.



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