PAULO MENDES DA ROCHA (1928 - )
The Brazilian architect and urban planner was born in Vitória, Brazil on October 25th, 1928. He belonged to a generation of modernist architects led by João Batista Vilanova Artigas, although Mendes da Rocha has stood out in recent decades as one of the best representatives of contemporary Brazilian architecture. The planned controversial projects that constantly divided and sparked debated amongst specialized critics, his Museu Brasileiro da Escultura and the portico of Praça do Patriarca, both in São Paulo, are most likely his two best-known works. He was awarded in 2006 with the Pritzker Prize, the most important in international architecture award.
De Rocha studied at the Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism at the Mackenzie University of São Paulo in 1954. When he was studying there, the university’s architecture was very much associated with neoclassicism, but Mendez soon joined a group of students interested in modern architecture (such as Jorge Wilheim or Carlos Millan). Vilanova Artigas' proposal would have a great influence on his first major project, the Clube Atlético Paulistano, as evidenced by his predilection for the use of reinforced concrete, glass enclosures and large open spaces, among other elements that would characterize the "Escola Paulista " For this project he received the prize of the VI São Paulo Architecture Biennial.
He began teaching at the Faculty of Architecture and Urbanism at the University of São Paulo in 1961. He entered the faculty in the midst of an intense debate promoted by teachers and students about the social role of the architect. The position he took did not please the country’s military government established 1964, as subsequently his political rights were denied, and he was prohibited from teaching in 1969. He did not return to the university until 1980.
Alongside his teaching he continued to work as an artist, the same year he was expelled from the university, he accepted a commission to build the Brazilian pavilion for the Osaka Expo in 1970. But it would be from the Brazilian Museum of Sculpture in São Paulo that Mendes de Rocha's career would acquire international status. He continued to work alongside artist of importance for the rest of his career, notable projects being: The Chapel of San Pedro in Campos do Jordão; the Poupatempo Itaquera (2000); the canopy of the Plaza del Patriarca (2002); or the restoration of the neoclassical building that houses the Pinacoteca of the State of São Paulo, which received the Mies van der Rohe Prize for Latin American Architecture in 2001.
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